Reasoning for IBPS Exam
The reasoning denotes the intellectual ability of a person, the ability to think logically on basis of given facts and figures. The reasoning in IBPS exams holds a total of seventy-five marks weightage. The candidates should know that reasoning is not only asked in main paper, but also in preliminary examinations, therefore ample attention must be paid to solve questions from reasoning section.
The reasoning tests ability of a person to identify common things, apply logic to find out a sequence or similarity, establish logics, based on given facts. The IBPS uses this section to understand the level of logical thinking in the candidates. It also describes that a candidate is able enough to understand, comprehend, analyze, and find answers to a question. The paper of reasoning is common to different posts of IBPS exam including clerks, probationary officers, management trainees, and specialist officers.
The different topics that are included in paper of reasoning are as discussed below:
Analogy: The comparisons of one thing to another based on some facts and drawing answers based on those analogical statements. The questions related to such analogies are based on true/ false relationships, or similarity between two or more objects.
Assertion-reason: These question problems include statements and reasons, it is up to the candidate to consider the truth of the statement and act accordingly. If the assertion part holds truth then the candidate has to determine if the reasoning part also holds truth or not. The solution to the problem is that there will be only one true answer to the given question statement. This type of problem requires high learning approach where strict logics are applied, it is recommended to either get the concepts well or leave the question to avoid negative marking.
Blood Relations: The questions under this topic include relationship among different members of a family. The question statement includes a long relationship among two people and then finding out their relationship with one another. Considering a simple trick of following question statement, one can easily deduct the logic and find out answers to the given problem of blood relations. It generally includes two or more generations as a problem statement.
Classification: They are one of the easiest concepts of reasoning problems asked in IBPS as well as in other competitive exams. The classification problems includes odd pairs, alike pairs, finding out the different one form the given choices, finding out the similar ones from the choices etc. The classification problems are simple and can be solved in fraction of times.
Coding and Decoding: The coding and decoding problems are simple if one knows how a particular problem is written. Simple substitutions are common in such problems where using the alphabets or numerals or special characters, problems are framed. Understanding the pattern will help in solving or decoding the problems into solutions. The reverse substitution is one of the best methods to decode such problems.
Cause and Effects: This type of problem includes statements of some work or condition or event that happens after happening of another event. An event is termed cause if it initiates some reaction, or makes something happen whereas effect is the result of happening of a work with some cause. The simple trick to solve questions related to cause and effect is to use common sense and think that without happening of an event, its effect cannot be determined.
Data Interpretation: In this topic, bar charts, pie charts, statistics or any form of data is presented, based on which different questions are asked from students. The data is distributed in the diagrammatic way and then the problems regarding a specific choice or average or increment or decrement of options is asked. Data interpretations are also simpler to find out the share of a person or event along with others.
Decision making: The decision making problems are also factual based, a complete passage or theory or concept is given to candidates and based on that some problems are addressed to be solved. Candidates have to decide the best possible solution for the given question out of the multiple choices. One should however keep in mind that reading of the problem statement carefully can easily lead them to answers in faster time.
Passage and conclusion: In such problems, a passage is given as a question. Based on the passage some conclusions or statements are driven. The choice of answers involves truth or falsification of the problem or no conclusion statements. A candidate has to select the right answers by reading out the passage and answering questions according to it. In such problems, the statements are simply twisted to confuse students which are otherwise very simple and fast to solve.
Seating arrangements: In this type of problem, a number of people are made to sit in a particular order, then few statements are given to resolve the exact position of each member based on the given statements. The seating arrangement is one of the complex problems that involve critical thinking and thinking beyond the box. One can solve the seating arrangements problem by giving time to it and understanding question details properly.
Series: In these types of questions a series of diagrams or numbers is given. From that series either the wrong one or the next diagram of sequence has to be found out. These include geometrical shapes arranged in orders, numbers distribution over an area etc. It is easier to figure out the next one in series by going through some of the examples of this type of question.
Syllogism: It is also a form of logical argument based on the truth of some propositions and inferencing the conclusion. The syllogism implies usage of deductive reasoning to arrive at some conclusion based on the given facts. It involves presence of a major proposition, a minor proposition and a middle proposition and based on them a conclusion or inference has to be chosen out of the given choices.
Statements and Arguments: A number of statements are given in this type of problem, the candidates have to choose the correct answer by understanding problem statement and then finding out if any more statement is necessary, or some other fact is required or not. The arguments that are given with the question problems need to be registered and answered with the best possibly applicable solution. These types of questions are based on critical analyzing of a problem and finding out of solution.
Venn Diagrams: A subset of problems include finding out solutions by interpreting or creating Venn diagrams to find out solution for a given problem. In such problems, a mix of two or more events or preferences is given and then the number of people preferring an particular or all of the event is to be found out. By understanding Venn diagrams, one can simplify problems and find out solutions easily.
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