Verbal Analogy for Banking Preparation

Questions on Verbal Analogy test the skill of determining the relationship between a pair of words and then recognizing a similar relationship between a different pair of words from the given answer choices. Questions on Verbal Analogy may appear from a wide range of topics.

Strategies and approaches to solving verbal analogy questions

The following list contains various strategies and approaches to solving Verbal Analogy questions.

  1. Before perusing the answer choices, try to state the relationship between the given pair of words in a simple sentence.
    2. If multiple answer choices adhere to the stated relationship, then alter the relationship making it more specific.
    3. In addition to the primary meanings of words, consider their secondary meanings too.
    4. If a particular word in the given pair of words can be expressed in different parts of speech, then in order to determine the part of speech intended in the question, scan through the answer options and determine their part of speech.

Verbal analogy types

The following list includes all the commonly known Verbal Analogy types frequently asked in aptitude tests.

Question-Type Example
Synonym ALLEVIATE : REDUCE
Antonym BIASED : IMPARTIAL
Characteristic LION : FEROCIOUS
Degree of Intensity COOL : FREEZE
Part to Whole KEYBOARD : COMPUTER
Manner STUTTER : SPEAK
Worker-Product ARTIST : SKETCH
Worker-Tool DOCTOR : STETHOSCOPE
Tool-Action FILE : SMOOTHENING

Solved examples

  1. WHISPER : SPEAK
  2. brush : touch
  3. skip : walk
  4. listen : hear
  5. request : ask

Correct answer: a
Solution: To ‘whisper’ means ‘to speak softly in a low voice’. Similarly, to ‘brush’ means ‘to touch slightly and briefly’.

  1. FRUGAL : PARSIMONIOUS :: ?
  2. joy : ecstasy
  3. poor : misery
  4. love : hate
  5. rich : poor
READ  SBI PO English Practice Set

Correct answer: a
Solution: To ‘whisper’ means ‘to speak softly in a low voice’. Similarly, to ‘brush’ means ‘to touch slightly and briefly’.

  1. Automobile : Petrol :: ?
  2. fire : fuel
  3. plane : propeller
  4. diesel : gas
  5. man : food

Correct answer: d
Solution: An automobile needs petrol to function. Similarly, man needs food in order to function.

  1. Paw : Cat :: Hoof :
  2. dog
  3. lamb
  4. horse
  5. elephant

Correct answer: c
Solution: The cat’s foot is called a paw. The horse’s foot is called a hoof.

  1. Calf : cow :: Puppy : ?
  2. cub
  3. kitten
  4. dog
  5. snake

Correct answer: c
Solution: A calf’s parent is cow and puppy’s parent is dog.

  1. Race : Fatigue :: Fast : ?
  2. hunger
  3. food
  4. laziness
  5. sleep

Correct answer: a
Solution: Running a race would result in fatigue. Similarly, holding a fast would result in hunger.

Source: Chalkstreet

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