Daily Current Affairs – 24 July 2015
- First All Women Trans Continental Road Expedition was flagged off; this expedition will be from Delhi to London and started from Major Dhyanchand Stadium of New Delhi y Union Minister of Chemical and Fertilizers, Ananth Kumar and Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Youth Affairs & Sports Sarbananda Sonowal. There are three woman participants; these are Nidhi Tiwari, Rashmi Koppar and Soumaya Goel will reach United Kingdom in 55 days. They will be covering a distance of 15000 kms and it includes Myanmar, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, Belgium and France. This all women team will be travelling in one vehicle without any backup vehicle and the journey will be sponsored by Mahindra First Choice Wheels Limited.
- Ramachandra Guha was chosen for the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize 2015 in the Academic Category for his book India after Gandhi, will speak on Gandhi, India and the World at the event. The aim of his lecture would be to increase awareness of the value of Asian cultures as well as to establish a framework within which Asians can learn from and share with each other. He conferred upon him on 17 September 2015 in Fukuoka International Congress Center in Japan, following which the awardees will be deliberating lectures at high-schools and universities across the city.
- Lupin which is an Indian drug company acquired US Generics Company GAVIS Pharmaceuticals and Novel Laboratories for 880 million US dollars with an aim to expand its presences in US. This acquisition will help the Indian company to expand and deepen its presence in US and enter into niche generics areas such as dermatology and controlled substances along with other high-value areas and also creates the 5th largest portfolio of Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) filings with the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA).
- Ajay Mathur was appointed as the Director-General (DG) of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) made by TERI’s Governing Council. He succeeded RK Pachauri who was removed from the top most position over sexual harassment charges. Currently, Mathur is working as the Director General of Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) of the Union Government. He was comprised by prominent corporate personalities like Deepak Parekh, Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, Naina Lal Kidwai and Hemendra Kothari.
- President Pranab Mukherjee has appointed 2 members (Professor Richard Hay and George Baker of Anglo-Indian Community) to Lok Sabha as per the provisions of Article 331 of Indian Constitution. Professor Richard Hay from Kerala and teaches economics in various academic institutes in India as well as abroad as well as George Baker from West Bengal and actor by profession. Since 1970s, he has acted in several Assamese and Bengali movies.
- The Supreme Court today directed the central government and all the states to install CCTV cameras in all the prisons across the country and take a call on installing them in police lock-ups, if there are incidents.
- World’s first malaria vaccine got approval from European Medicines Agency. Vaccine was named RTS,S or Mosquirix. The vaccine developed by British drugmaker GlaxoSmithKline in partnership with the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative, would be the first licensed human vaccine against a parasitic disease and could help prevent millions of cases of malaria. The vaccine is also part-funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and it was in development since 1987 under a team of researchers led by Joe Cohen, a GSK scientist. The vaccine was approved despite the dampened results released in 2011 and 2012. The results showed that it only reduced episodes of malaria in babies aged 6-12 weeks by 27 percent, and by around 46 percent in children aged 5-17 months. It was licensed for use on babies aged between 6 weeks and 17 months in Africa, which is at the highest risk of the mosquito-borne disease.
- Maharashtra Cabinet has approved Shyamaprasad Mukherjee Jan Van Vikas Scheme for development of villages around tiger reserves on project basis from 2015-16 to 2019-2020 and has been proposed by State Forest Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar to achieve sustainable development of these villages and reduce the man-animal conflict.
- Forbes Asia’s Fabulous 50 list was released and this list was topped by Tencent in terms of most valuable company which worth of 176.5 billion US dollar, while in terms of biggest it is lenovo which generated 46.3 billion US dollar in revenue in 2014.
- Seven Indian companies have found their place in 2015 Fortune 500 Global Companies list compiled by Fortune Magazine. They are as
1) Indian Oil: ranked 119th with revenues of 74 billion dollars.
2) Reliance Industries: ranked 158th with revenues of 62 billion dollars.
3) Tata Motors: ranked 254th with revenues of 42 billion dollars.
4) State Bank of India (SBI): ranked 260th with revenues of 42 billion dollars.
5) Bharat Petroleum: ranked 280th with revenues of 40 billion dollars.
6) Hindustan Petroleum: ranked 327th with revenues of 35 billion dollars.
7) Oil and Natural Gas: ranked 449th with revenues of 26 billion dollars.
Top 5 are as follows:
1) Walmart (1st) of US
2) Sinopec Group (2nd) of China,
3) Royal Dutch Shell (3rd) of Netherlands,
4) China National Petroleum (4th)
5) Exxon Mobil (5th) of US.
United States: 128 companies in this edition of list of the 500 global companies. Some of companies are Exxon Mobil (5th), Apple (15th), JP Morgan Chase (61st), IBM (82nd), Microsoft (95th), Google (124th), Pepsi (141st), Intel (182nd) and Goldman Sachs (278th).
China: 100 companies on the list. Some of them are Sinopec Group (2nd), China National Petroleum (4th), Bank of China (45th), China Railway Engineering (71st) and China Development Bank (87th).
- Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar announced that Haryanavi film ‘Pagdi: The Honour’ will be free from tax and discretionary grant of 10 lakh as the first Haryanvi film which has won two national awards. It bagged the title of best Haryanavi film and its actress Baljinder Kaur won best supporting actor (female) award at the 62nd National Film Awards.
- Exoplanet which is earth like and named as Kepler 452b was discovered. It was discovered by Kepler Mission and was told by NASA press conference. The planet is a near-twin of Earth orbiting Sunlike Star and is estimated to 1.6 times (60 percent) larger than Earth. It is there about 1400 light-years away. It is earth alike and is also orbiting a sunlike star. It is likely rocky and could have a mass of anywhere between one to five times that of our own planet. In addition to Kepler 452b, the Kepler Mission also discovered 11 yet-to-be-confirmed candidate planets that appear to be small, rocky and potentially suitable for life. One of them, presently known only as KOI-7235.01, looks to be only 15 percent larger than Earth, and orbits right in the middle of its star’s habitable zone. If confirmed, it would surpass even Kepler 452 b to become the most Earth-like world astronomers have ever found beyond our solar system.
- Peter Higgs won Royal Society’s Copley Medal which is world’s oldest scientific prize for his contribution to particle physics and his pioneering work on the theory of the Higgs boson. He had already won Nobel Prize and after winning this prize he joined the people like Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking.
- World Trade Organization (WTO) members struck a deal to add more than 200 products to the list of goods covered by zero-tariff and duty-free trade. In value terms, the deal cuts tariffs on 1 trillion US dollar worth of information technology (IT) products, which is equal to global trade in iron, steel, textiles and clothing combined. The deal was agreed as part of need to update the 18-year old Information Technology Agreement (ITA) as it has become redundant. Products added range from advanced computer chips to GPS devices, medical equipment, printer cartridges and video-game consoles.
- The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) announced venues for the Men and Women ICC World Twenty20 which will be hosted by India from the 11 March to 3 April 2016. BCCI says in its press release that finals of the 2016 World Twenty20 cricket tournament will be held at iconic Eden Gardens ground in Kolkata while others venues are Bengaluru, Chennai, Dharamsala, Mohali, Mumbai, Nagpur and New Delhi.
- 20 year old Indian-American Amitoj Chhabra has won the Junior Title at the US Powerlifting Association National Championships 2015. He lifted a total of 1,383 pounds in the junior title Championship which was held at the Golden Nugget Casino in Las Vegas. In this championship, Chhabra had squatted 485 pounds, bench pressed 325 and had dead-lifted 573.
- The nine-member special committee of Hockey India (HI) headed by Olympian Harbinder Singh that met today recommended the removal of Paul van Ass as chief coach of the national men’s hockey team.
- Shubham Jaglan, 10 years won the IJGA World Stars of Junior Golf event in Las Vegas. Jaglan is the son of a milkman from rural Haryana, India. He shot a three round score of 106 winning by a five-stroke margin, ahead of two Americans Justin Dang and Sihan Sandhu and Thailand’s Pongsapak Laopakdee for the Boys 9-10 years category title.
Boy 9 – 10 years
- Cartoonist Tom Moore, who gave life to the cartoon character Archie, died on 20 July 2015 due to lung cancer in El Paso, Texas. He was 86. He was famously known for drawing the cartoon character Archie Andrews and his friends on and off from 1953 until he retired in the late 1980s.
- National fencing champion Hoshiyar Singh dies after allegedly thrown out of train by Railway Police in UP.