Daily Current Affairs - 25 July 2015
- Today’s is the important date in India as three of the presidents are formed as on the same date. These three president names are as follows:
1) Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (A P J Abdul Kalam) formed 11th President of India by succeeding K R Narayanan. He won the 2002 presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884, surpassing 107,366 votes won by Lakshmi Sehgal. He served from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007. He is currently a visiting professor at Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmadabad and Indian Institute of Management Indore, honorary fellow of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram, a professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University (Chennai), JSS University (Mysore) and an adjunct/visiting faculty at many other academic and research institutions across India.
2) Pratibha Devisingh Patil formed as 12th President of India by succeeding A P J Abdul Kalam. she was the first woman to hold the office. She was sworn in as president on 25 July 2007 after defeating her rival Bhairon Singh Shekhawat. Patil won the election held on 19 July 2007. She garnered nearly two-thirds of the votes and took office as India's first woman president on 25 July 2007.
3) Pranab Mukherjee formed as 13th President of India by succeeding Pratibha Devisingh Patil. He was sworn-in by the Chief Justice of India on 25 July 2012, becoming the first Bengali to hold the post of President of India. He was nominated as the presidential candidate of the United Progressive Alliance on 15 June 2012 after considerable political intrigue. He was received 713,763 votes, while Sangma had 315,987. After being administered the oath of office, he said we are amidst of fourth world war of terror and what minutes of peace can achieve cannot be achieved in many years of war.
- Indian Premier League spot-fixing case, the MCOCA court at Delhi's Patiala House cleared all accused, including three Rajasthan Royals players S Sreesanth, Ajit Chandila and Ankeet Chavan, of charges. The court discharged all 36 accused who were arrested by police saying there was no evidence against them. All 36 accused are presently out on bail. On July 30, 2013, Delhi police had filed a chargesheet in connection with the IPL 6 spot-fixing case, alleging that Dawood Ibrahim and his aide Chhota Shakeel were the "main guys" behind the Indian Premier League (IPL) spot-fixing scandal. Police had chargesheeted 42 accused of which six including underworld don Dawood Ibrahim and Chota Shakeel are absconding. Despite the MCOCA court dropping all charges against Rajasthan Royals players S Sreesanth, Ajit Chandila and Ankeet Chavan in the IPL6 spot-fixing case on Saturday, the BCCI stood by its decision to ban the players.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) along with various other development projects in Patna to provide electrification to all villages. The Scheme has an outlay of 76000 crore rupees for implementation of the projects under which Union Government shall provide Grant of 63000 crore rupees. It includes improvement of Sub-transmission and distribution network to improve the quality and reliability of the supply also implementation of meters to reduce the losses. Put feeder separation to ensure sufficient power to farmers and regular supply to other consumers.
Other projects are as follows:
i) Inaugurated the Daniawan-Bihar Sharif new railway line, Campus of IIT Patna and construction of the first phase of the Jagdishpur-Haldia pipeline project.
ii) Flagged off the Rajgir-Bihar Sharif-Daniawan-Fatuha passenger train and Patna-Mumbai AC Suvidha Express.
iii) Laid the foundation stone for Incubation Centre for Medical Electronics, Patna.
- Madhya Pradesh government will launch a scheme on August 15 to provide health and accident insurance to journalists in the state. Under the scheme, personal health insurance cover of Rs 2 lakh will be provided to a media representative and accident insurance of Rs 5 lakh. Media representatives between the age of 21 and 70 years, will be eligible for this insurance scheme. Madhya Pradesh Public Relations and Energy minister Rajendra Shukla announced last evening and earned fame at national and international levels by dint of its development and natural beauty. He conferred photojournalism awards on Akhil Hardia of Indore for year 2008, Rajesh Malviya of Jabalpur for 2009, Sandeep Jadiya of Rewa for 2010, Bhopal's A M Farooqui for 2011, Praveen Vajpayee for 2012 and Prakash Hathvalne for 2013 and Ravi Upadhyay of Gwalior for year 2014. The award carries a cash prize of Rs 1.5 lakh and a citation.
- Union Government constituted All India Council of Sports as an advisory body for the Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, headed by a President in the rank of Minister of State and will include four Members of Parliament, Sports personalities, coaches, sports experts, sports administrators, D-G of Sports Authority of India, D-G of National Anti Doping Agency, Vice Chancellor of LNIPE, officials from Sports Ministry, representatives from National Sports Federations, Indian Olympic Association and NGOs. The advice rendered by the council will be duly considered by the government, but it will not be binding and obligatory on the government. The Council will meet from time to time, at least once in a quarter and will deliberate on matters relating to the promotion and development of sports and games in the country.
- Helena Ndume of Namibia and Jorge Sampaio of Portugal awarded with the first-ever Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Prize by the United Nations (UN) at the UN Headquarters in New York. Ndume was awarded for treating blindness and eye-related illnesses in Namibia and throughout the developing world. While Sampaio, the former president of Portugal from 1996 to 2006 and also the former mayor of Lisbon from 1989 to 1995, was awarded for his contribution to his country for his struggle for the restoration of democracy in Portugal. The award ceremony was a part of the annual commemoration of Nelson Mandela International Day, which is observed on 18 July every year.
- Egypt began today the first trial run of its "new Suez canal, ahead of the formal inauguration of the new shipping route next month. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi launched the project in August and set an ambitious target of digging the expanded canal within a year. A ceremony will be held on August 6 to officially inaugurate the project. Officials said six vessels in two fleets of three each were scheduled to cross through the expanded canal as part of the first trial run. The fleet sailing from south to north had vessels flying flags of Singapore, Luxembourg and Bahrain. Those sailing from north to south had flags from Liberia, Singapore and Hong Kong. Dubbed the Suez Canal Axis, the new 72km project is aimed at speeding up traffic along the existing waterway by reducing the waiting period of vessels, as well as boosting revenues for Egypt. The new waterway involves 37km of dry digging and 35 kilometers of expansion and deepening of the Suez Canal, in a bid to help speed up the movement of vessels.
- A Bangkok-based firm will soon open the world's first modeling agency in Los Angeles that will specially cater to transgender clients run by Apple Model Management. The company began representing transgender models in Thailand in November 2014 along with its existing group of non-transgender male and female models. The firm is hunting for new clients to boost the roster.
- Pakistani government plans to shut down BlackBerry Ltd's secure messaging services by December 1 for "security reasons". They has issued directions to local mobile phone operators to close BlackBerry Enterprise Services from November 30 on security reasons," an official with the Pakistan Telecommunications Authority. BlackBerry encrypts data such as emails and its BlackBerry Messenger messages sent between a user's phone and public networks, ensuring greater privacy for users but making life harder for police and intelligence agencies.
- The new images show fascinating details within the Texas-sized plain, informally named Sputnik Planum, which lies within the western half of Pluto's heart-shaped feature, known as Tombaugh Regio. The mission found evidence of exotic ices flowing across Pluto's surface and revealing signs of recent geologic activity, something scientists hoped to find but did not expect. The Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) on board New Horizons also captured sunlight streaming through the atmosphere and revealing hazes as high as 130 kms above Pluto's surface. A preliminary analysis of the image shows two distinct layers of haze, one about 80 kms above the surface and the other at an altitude of about 50 kms.
- Hockey India President Narinder Batra announced High Performance Director Roelant Oltmans as the coach of men's national team after Paul van Ass's six-month tenure ended under unceremonious circumstances. Batra met Sports Authority of India's (SAI) Director General, Injeti Srinivas, before making the announcement on the lines of recommendations made by the Special Committee constituted by Hockey India.
Former governor of Kerala and Bihar RS Gavai died in afternoon after a prolonged illness at a private hospital here. He was 86. Gavai was a former chairman of the state legislative council and Lok Sabha member from Amravati constituency. He was the chairman of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar Smarak Samiti, which manages the Deekshabhoomi, the historic place where Ambedkar embraced Buddhism in 1956.